Evidence has suggested that it may play a role in the anti-inflammatory and anti-viral effects of cannabis, and it may have also antifungal properties. Cannabichromene may contribute to the overall analgesic effects of medical cannabis. A study done in March 2010 showed that CBC along with cannabidiol and tetrahydrocannabinol have antidepressant effects. Another study showed that CBC helps promote neurogenesis.
CBC is known to interact with many receptors in the brain. It is widely known that the cannabinoids interact with the CB1 and CB2 receptors, but they also interact with others. CBC in particular is known to interact with the TRPV1 and TRPA1 receptors as well, which may result in some of its medicinal properties. Also, in mice, its antiinflammatory activity appears to be modulated by the administration of THC and is independent of the CB2 receptor. This suggests an interplay of the two molecules.